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Ease of use, low maintenance keys to bathroom design

Hands-free is the latest trend in public bathroom design. And it doesn’t apply only to those using the lavatories. In most cases, hands-free is exactly what hoteliers want when it comes to maintenance. In other words, the best equipment is of the low- to no-maintenance variety.

“When it comes down to it, the owners want something that’s easy to maintain,” said John Cairo, vice president of commercial and hospitality for Delta Faucet Co. “They want to keep construction costs in line, but they don’t want to end up three to five years down the road with something that’s difficult to replace or difficult to repair.”

The tricky part comes into play when the goal is to balance cost with form and function. That’s what a number of hoteliers discovered during the past decade as they realized the trendy and stylish fixtures they had selected for their public washrooms were soon old and tired. Remember the olive green and harvest gold fiasco of the late ’60s and early ’70s? It was deja vu all over again. Builders and owners who jumped on the Euro-style bandwagon of the mid-’90s learned the hard way that pretty faucets aren’t always practical faucets.


Recognizing a need they could fill, Delta created a product to solve the problem. The result is a line of European-style fixtures built to U.S. standards.

The result is Delta’s decision to reintroduce its “Select” line–this time as a designer brand dubbed Brizo.

“A designer look that’s easy to maintain; that’s what we’re doing now,” Cairo said. “It’s Brizo, crafted by Delta. Designers and consumers know the brand and like it. This line gives them something with a little more panache.”

The new premium faucet brand launched at the 2004 Kitchen and Bath Industry Show in April in Chicago features a combination of graceful curves and geometric angles. It is designed to be more fashionable than trendy, in a style that’s meant to endure the ebb and flow of designer whims for years to come.

That’s the same test Peggy Dye relies on when she specs fixtures for hotel bathrooms: Will they withstand the test of time? Dye, a designer who works closely with Louisiana-based InterMountain Management, recently began specifying granite in properties across the board, including InterMountain’s Fairfield Inn by Marriott properties.

The reasons? Granite looks great, wears well and due to current market conditions, doesn’t cost much more than Corian or other more common materials.

“Granite has become so affordable today,” Dye said. “The prices are extremely competitive. And for that price, you know you’re going to get a good, hard surface.”

A look at the cost of outfitting an average guestroom bath offers a good benchmark for comparing granite to other materials. Dye said a granite countertop, including apron and backsplash, costs about $400–about the same as Corian.

Because granite is likely to outlast other materials, it’s important to select classic colors that can be worked into updated decor as years pass. Dye advised sticking with tried-and-true varieties.


“You can go with something unusual, like a blue granite, but to me that defeats the purpose,” she said.

Granite isn’t the only hard surface catching on in public restrooms these days. Advances in the technology used to create metallic finishes for faucets are resulting in more selection.

“It is extremely important that products be chosen from manufacturers that use the best and most current technology because equal may not indicate same,” said Marshall Williams, corporate accounts worldwide for Kohler Co. “Physical vapor disposition is a process that creates a super-hard surface that resists scratching, corrosion and tarnishing. Kohler uses Vibrant PVD on its faucets. The process bonds the color finish to the faucet for a lustrous surface that withstands intense use. Our polished and brushed chrome finishes are triple-plated for lasting durability and surface integrity. Is the technology available to others? Certainly, but few invest in it.”

Williams said Kohler recognizes the growing consumer preference for aesthetically pleasing bathroom fixtures. He described the trend as functional art, including products that lend a decorative visual interest, while transforming fundamental materials.

Williams also identified increasing public scrutiny of public washrooms–and a growing desire to conduct personal business without actually touching anything in the room–as a driving force behind the move toward a hands-free bathroom.

Michele Hudec, senior brand director for American Standard, agreed. Her experience suggests that not only are designers and owners going hands-free on everything from faucets to soap dispensers to paper towel racks to toilet flushers, they’re looking for inexpensive and convenient ways to retrofit existing fixtures.

So, in addition to debuting a line of fixtures designed to be aesthetically pleasing, American Standard is introducing a have-it-both-ways option–a mechanical-style faucet that can be adapted for electronic use.

“The general public has come to understand the electronic fixtures as typical,” Hudec said. “The other day I was in a movie theater. I was at the sink when a child, about 8 years old, walked up next to me and put her hands under the faucet. She just waited for the faucet to start itself.

“There’s a generation coming up that’s fully expecting an electronic world,” she said. “It’s the wave of the future.”

Confusion plagues faucet presentation

A good faucet at the right price, given the appropriate promotion, might not experience satisfactory sales if its presentation leaves much to be desired. Retailers should facilitate shopping for shoppers who oftentimes are confused and intimidated by the large selection of faucets. Informative merchandising in home centers should be promoted to hasten the consumer selection process. Retailers should also prepare their faucet displays by brand which is easier for the consumer. Product lines should also be streamlined to avoid double presentations.
Vendors reveal what retailers need to do to sharpen displays and generate turns in this new monthly feature

You can have the right product, the right price, the right promotion. But if the display isn’t right, you’ll lose sales. With most purchase decisions made in the aisle, it’s essential to maximize presentation. This article launches a new monthly series on merchandising, complete with vendor perspectives and quality display ideas. When vendors assess faucet displays at building supply retailers, they invariably see the same thing consumers see: a mind-numbing array of product.

“When the typical consumer walks into retail, particularly a home center, he sees a big offering, and it’s overwhelming,” says Jim McElroy, director-faucet & sink marketing at Moen. A lot of home centers do a good job of displaying product, he says. “But you do need more information at point of sale and better signage.” The key to improving faucet sales is to help shoppers shop, vendors say. Otherwise, the market becomes largely one of replacing same-brand with same-brand. “If customers have a low-end product, often they aren’t led to an upgrade buy,” says Susan Broyles, group marketing manager for Price-Pfister.

Consumers become frustrated when faucets are shown without information that describes features, says Jane Miner, market manager for Design House. “Without much customer assistance available–as witnessed in most home centers–informative merchandising is key to assist the consumer selection process, thereby increasing turns.” Retailers should be prepared to answer customers’ primary questions: Will it fit in my sink, and what’s the difference between products. Answer those questions with a sales associate in the aisle, good P-O-P signage and good installation instructions, says Broyles, adding that “if customers understand those components, retailers will see an increase in sales.”

Charlie Whipple, VP-marketing for Sterling, says, “We’re all singing the same song: Educate, educate, educate. A lot of money’s being left on the table by not getting trade-up dollars.” Retailers also should follow some display guidelines, say vendors.

“Many retailers break up and mix by price point or by segment–good, better, best,” says McElroy. “But because packaging is so different, you get clutter and confusion.” Vendors suggest that retailers divide their displays by brand. “It’s the best way to minimize the clutter,” says Dana Severs, VP-sales, Peerless. “Branding is important for faucet shoppers because of replacement purchasing or brand recognition.”

Severs also suggests that retailers consider cutting the number of sku’s they offer and facings they present. Most retailers have twice as many faucets as they need, says Whipple. “I hate to say it, but they carry an awful lot of product, and product adds to confusion. How many finishes and handle designs do you carry? What are consumers buying? They should keep the fast turners and get rid of the rest.”

Faucet companies partner with Web sites

Both Grohe America, Delta Faucet Co. and Price Pfister have signed partnership agreements with online home-improvement service providers. Grohe America has signed a partnership agreement with, a provider of online design and visualization solutions for businesses and consumers. Grohe’s faucets will be available on the Web site,, where homeowners can point and click through Grohe’s line of faucets in the design process. The Web site enables homeowners to work from a 3-D replica of the room being designed. Different faucets can be tested by pointing on an item and dropping it into the desired room.

“We’ve been very active on the Internet,” said Al DeGenova, North American director of advertising and new media at Grohe. “We’ve had a Web site since 1995. We are allowing to use images of our products on their site. They don’t have a purchase model in place yet, but their e-commerce model will involve links to wholesalers. We will not be bypassing wholesalers but creating another vehicle to generate traffic to the wholesalers’ showrooms.”

Grohe has had a similar relationship for about two years now with, which acts as an online showroom, DeGenova said. A large number of plumbing fixture and faucet manufacturers are visible at, including Altmans, American Standard, Chicago Faucets, Delta, Dornbracht, Geberit, KWC, Hansa, Hansgrohe, Kohler, Moen and St. Thomas Creations.

Delta Faucet, part of the Masco Corp. group of companies, has joined other manufacturers participating in ImproveNet, a Web-based home-improvement services company. As part of the agreement, Delta will be able to match homeowners with local available contractors, architects and designers from ImproveNet’s prescreened network. Consumers can access ImproveNet (www.improvenet .com) from the Delta Web site.

Price Pfister has become one of the founding members of the BuildNet e-building exchange. Through the agreement and tools provided by BuildNet, Price Pfister should be able to develop, manage and edit its own catalog data on the site located at Catalog data will include photos of products, product codes, SKUs, descriptive text, warranty policies, and installation and maintenance instructions.

As a founding member, Price Pfister will have continuous brand identification on BuildNet’s homepage. The Internet-based exchange is scheduled for commercial introduction in 2000 and will provide builders and homeowners with access to supplier information.

The wholesaler’s perspective

Wholesalers contacted by SUPPLY HOUSE TIMES tend to take a positive view of manufacturers’ participating in home-improvement Web sites.

“This is nothing more than a vehicle for those manufacturers to market their names and promote their Web sites,” said Jeffrey Moss, vice president/co-owner of Advance Plumbing Supply, Walled Lake, Mich.

“The key to being successful on the Internet is to get people to notice your Web site,” he said.

What should concern wholesalers is when manufacturers start selling direct on the Internet, Moss said. “Some big builders are putting pressure on manufacturers to sell them direct. That would cut out normal distribution channels. The time may come when manufacturers will feel they do enough business on the Internet and will become their own distributors.”

While the manufacturers participating in home-improvement Web sites are offering advice and product information, they also are telling people where they can purchase the product, said Patricia DeMarco, purchasing agent at Palermo Supply (Bergenfield, N.J.). “That works like free advertising for us,” she said.

Virtual showrooms that are usable by homeowners as well as trade professionals are where the market is going, said James E. Fuller, director/marketing and sales at Coburn Supply (Beaumont, Texas).

“The availability of product will be different,” he said. “A lot of homeowners will want to buy one product at a time. Builders will still buy through existing channels, direct or through plumbers.”

On the positive side, this indicates that manufacturers are showing support of Internet-based operations, Fuller said. “A number of wholesalers, including Coburn, are starting to get into Internet-based operations.”

Todd Pipe & Supply (Hawthorne, Calif.), which sells exclusively to licensed contractors, does not feel threatened by home-improvement Web sites addressed to consumers, said Dan Patrick, vice president/sales.

“These Web sites may pose a threat to our contractors, because homeowners can buy their own material,” he said. “We’re trying to create an in-house system where our customers can access the manufacturers’ Web sites from ours. Virtual showrooms will enable contractors to let the homeowners select items without having to spend time inside — or traveling to and from — a showroom.”

Saving water with style: Green products abundant at Design & Construction Week 2015

Water is a finite resource. Even though about 70% of the earth’s surface is covered by water, less than 1% is actually available for human use. Last year the U.S. Government Accountability Office reported 40 of 50 state water managers said they expected to see water shortages in some portion of their states under average conditions during the next 10 years (2013 to 2023).

As manufacturers continue to explore new ways to reduce the water usage of their products without sacrificing performance, they also remain focused on design and style, as well as other features that will be attractive to homeowners.

There were many decorative and innovative green kitchen and bath products on display at the Kitchen Bath Industry Show and International Builders Show which co-located for the second time as Design & Construction Week in Las Vegas Jan. 20-22. Here are some highlights:


New single-handled articulating kitchen faucets, inspired by the design and functionality of an architect lamp, were honored with the Best of Kitchen: Gold award in the 2015 Best of KBIS competition. The faucet’s articulating arm can be positioned at various heights and angles to direct water flow where needed.

This faucet is being incorporated into the Brizo Artesso and Brizo Solna collections, which include water-efficiency among their features. Brizo is the luxury brand of faucets and accessories within the portfolio of Delta Faucet Co. The two-function spray wand easily docks and undocks for maximum functionality. When docked, the wand stays securely in place with Brizo MagneDock technology, a patented magnetic docking system.

Inspired by detailed, early 20th century metal works, the Artesso version of the articulated kitchen faucet will be offered in polished chrome, Brilliance polished nickel, Brilliance stainless and Venetian bronze finishes. The Solna version, featuring a clean, contemporary design to match its Scandinavian name, will be available in polished chrome, Brilliance stainless and matte black finishes.

Kohler Co.

The new San Souci roundfront one-piece toilet offers a small space solution with its compact bowl and regular height seat. With its 1.28gal. flush, the San Souci also is listed as one of Kohler’s WaterSense models, which provides a significant water savings up to 16,500 gal. per year. Plus, its sleek lines make it easy to clean. Brizo’s new single-handled articulating kitchen faucets were honored with the Best of Kitchen: Gold award at KBIS.

The toilet uses Kohler’s AquaPiston flush system, a patented flush engine for gravity-fed toilets featuring a canister design for enhanced flushing performance. AquaPiston directs water to flow in from all sides, and the precision-engineered tank, bowl and trapway create a strong siphon that results in a fast and thorough flush. The AquaPiston canister lifts completely off the outlet valve, releasing water from 360[degrees]. This toilet’s powerful flush virtually eliminates plugging and makes for a longer rinse and cleaner bowl, according to the company. It also is an easy flush, requiring only about two lb. of pressure to actuate.


There were two new digital faucets in the Danze Did-U-Wave line on display: a single-handled electronic kitchen faucet and a single-handled electronic kitchen pulldown faucet. Both bear the WaterSense label for meeting water-conserving criteria. Both faucets are equipped with an infrared sensor for motion activation and LED task lighting at the top of the spray head (on the hard-wired AC models) to provide spot lighting where the head is directed. If the faucet is not manually turned off, it will automatically shut off after one minute.

Both feature a streamlined spray head and sleek contour with both aerated and stream sprays, and both offer two ceramic disc valves to provide a tight seal and feature Danze’s SnapBack technology for consistent retraction. These faucets both have 17 3/4-in. high swivel spouts for kitchen sinks with lots of open space overhead. They are available in chrome and stainless-steel finishes.

Delta Faucet Co.

Delta’s new FlushlQ smart toilet offers overflow protection, touch-free flushing and leak detection. A sensor on the back of the bowl monitors the water level and prevents additional flushes if the water rises to a critical point. The toilet flushes with a simple wave of the hand, activating a sensor on the tank. If the water level drops and breaks contact with the sensor, the LED indicator will change to solid yellow the next time the toilet is flushed, warning of leakage.

These Delta toilets are WaterSense labeled and feature an exclusive pre-assembled SmartFit tank-to-bowl connection that quickly installs and reduces potential leak points. The slow-close toilet seat has a quick release feature that enables easy removal for cleaning. This product was nominated for the Best of KBIS 2015 award.

Niagara Conservation

The Hot Start is a temperature-controlled WaterSense-certified showerhead that lets the user turn on the shower at full flow and wait for the water to heat up, but then minimizes water waste by reducing the flow to a trickle once it reaches 95[degrees] F.

The showerhead provides visual confirmation the water is hot. Upon entering the shower, the user presses the “resume” button on the showerhead to restore the full stream at a flow rate of 2 gpm. According to the company, by reducing the flow when the water gets hot this showerhead can save thousands of gallons of water per year and reduce utility bills.

Boasting three adjustable spray settings, a modern design and a sleek chrome finish, Hot Start will only be offered as part of the Niagara Conservation Stealth System, which also includes high-efficiency faucet aerators, two for the bath and one for the kitchen; and a choice of either a single- or dual-flush Stealth ultra-high-efficiency toilet.


The new STo pulldown kitchen faucet with MotionSense provides hands-free convenience with water temperature control at the faucet handle. A simple hand movement triggers the water flow. Its Reflex system ensures smooth operation, easy movement and secure docking of the spray head. Choose between an aerated stream for everyday cleaning or a powerful rinse for heavy-duty cleaning. The faucet’s tubular design and cube-shaped base give it a distinctive contemporary style.

It’s available in chrome and Moen’s Spot Resist stainless finish. Its eco-performance design uses less water without sacrificing performance. It was a nominee in the Best of KBIS 2015 competition.

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The new Ambient Series from Franke Kitchen Systems offers a range of kitchen faucets and complementary components, featuring a sleek, contemporary design and water-saving flow rates. The pulldown faucets feature a 28mm Nobili cartridge enclosed in a protective fiberglass stem. Each faucet offers two flow rates: 1-gpm for a simple light rinse and 1.75 gpm for a more powerful flow.

Both settings are well within the stringent flow rate requirements of the WaterSense program and the state of California. By coupling the cartridge with a restrictor, the faucet can achieve the even lower flow rates required by LEED-certified projects. Neoperl aerators also are standard on the pulldown models. The 16 1/2-in. tall pulldown kitchen faucet in the series is available in chrome and satin nickel.


The Avalanche CT two-piece concealed trapway residential toilet has been added to Gerber’s Avalanche family of products. This WaterSense-certified high-efficiency toilet operates at 1.28 gpf.

The concealed trapway gives the toilet base a sleek, smooth look that is easy to clean. Available in white, it is offered as an ADA-compliant ErgoHeight elongated toilet. A one-piece alternative model also is available. The toilet has a Fluidmaster fill valve, a quick-acting 3-in. flush valve and a dual-siphon jet.


The Carlyle II 1G is a one-piece toilet that uses TOTO’s Double Cyclone technology to deliver ultra-high-efficiency flushing using only 1-gpf. The toilet bowl and concave rim are coated with SanaGloss, TOTO’s nano-technology glaze that creates an ionized barrier to repel both visible and invisible waste. The toilet’s features include clean lines, a skirted design and “inclusive height.” This toilet was nominated for Best of KBIS 2015.


One of the most unusual products at the show was displayed by ToileChic and described as “the toilet of the 21st century.” Imagine, if you will, a comfy, upholstered easy chair in the living room. Lift the seat cushion, and voila! It’s a functioning toilet. The upholstered furniture used for ToileChic uses nonporous, stain- and odor-resistant Crypton fabrics. The fabric can be cleaned with enzyme soap and water and disinfected with Crypton’s EPA-approved disinfectant. Five designer chair styles can be covered in 40 fabric patterns and colors or a faux leather. The ToileChic includes TOTO or Kohler brand toilets. Matching bidets by the same manufacturers also are an option. The chair has a recliner flush handle.

House of the Year: this craftsman-inspired home is factory-built–proving modular has moved far beyond the bland box

You’d never guess it, but for the first time our House of the Year is a modular home built off site! Designed by architect Roberto Kritzer with Genesis Homes and the editors of Country Living, this charming stone-and-clapboard bungalow-style home on picturesque Boyd Lake in Loveland, Colo., is fitted with the kind of custom details, premium materials, and architectural character associated with the finest custom-built homes–yet the majority of it was built in under a week at a Genesis facility in Berthoud, Colo.

Modular homes generally cost about 15 percent less than conventionally built homes; what’s more, they are very energy efficient, and because the construction is done indoors weather delays are minimized. The entire building process, from start to finish, is usually completed in 90 days. Whether you’re building or remodeling, our House of the Year is filled with dozens of distinctive ideas to inspire you. Be sure to read Home Almanac on page 59 for more ideas.



Collections help make a house personal and unique: Here, a sculptural all-white grouping of art pottery creates a dramatic focal point against the stone fireplace.


A consistent palette is woven throughout, establishing harmony. Soft, pale shades of blue on walls become adaptable neutrals: bright pink accents add spark.


The furniture melds both elegant detail and appealing comfort. Clean-lined silhouettes are softened with white pique, damask, and velvet details.
Architectural details were introduced throughout the house, from transom windows to crown and baseboard moldings. Built-in cabinetry, a coffered ceiling, and a stone fireplace in the living room add character and “age” to a new house. A distinct entrance (above right) was fashioned with beadboard and a stately door framed by a transom and side lights.





A consistent use of color, pattern, and architectural details connects the living room, dining room, and kitchen in this open plan and gives them visual continuity. Each area also enjoys its own distinct identity thanks to strong focal points and cohesive furniture arrangement. ORCHESTRATE CONTINUITY “Amanda,” a soothing pale blue-green paint from Ace, outlined in crisp white trim and ceilings, wraps through most of the house, while touches of pink reappear as accents. Blue-welted white-upholstered furniture from Lee and woven cotton rugs from Elizabeth Eakins share the same palette.





The brocade stripe on the French Heritage dining chairs shows up on wing chairs in the breakfast nook, and Bruce hardwood floors flow throughout the house. MIX OLD AND NEW Different woods and paint finishes, as well as different eras, mingle amiably–another way to give a brand-new home a “history.” New chairs gather around an antique dining table; new and reproduction china mix with antiques on the table and in the built-in china cupboards. ESTABLISH A FOCAL POINT One dramatic element helps organize a room around a central feature. The floor-to-ceiling stone fireplace and the tight grid of prints in the adjoining dining room serve as compatible focal points.

Within an open design scheme, the cottage-inspired kitchen, with its transom-topped window facing the living room, plays a central role. COLOR Instead of standard-issue white, a pale robin’s-egg blue colors cabinets (below left) and is echoed in the lustrous crackled glaze of the distinctive Pyrolave lavastone countertops. White accents–the sink and backsplash–keep the effect neutral and subdued. DETAIL Subway tile and the curved Arts & Crafts-inspired brackets (below right) that support upper cabinets on either side of the window are the kinds of small, cottage details that make all the difference. COMFORT A cozy breakfast nook (bottom) at one end of the kitchen offers a place to have lunch, read the paper, or do homework. Comfy wing chairs, a rustic painted table and a collection of pottery add personal touches.


The kitchen is not overly large, but its efficient galley design compensates. The work triangle between the sink, stove, and fridge is easily traversed. Locating the apron-front sink below a window to the living room facilitates quick cleanup after gatherings.


Thoughtful details such as the overscale dentil crown molding and a mix of door fronts–beadboard, solid, and glass doors–lend craftsman-inspired appeal to custom cabinets. The end units have glass on two sides for added airiness and light.


Consider the mix of surfaces in the kitchen, where many materials and features meet. Here, a backsplash in white subway tile joins a luminous blue lavastone countertop. Each has a crackled glaze, for an overall effect of pleasing age and depth.


Cottage style doesn’t have to mean vintage appliances: Ever-popular stainless-steel versions are a modern neutral that blends well with the cool color scheme. The dishwasher and the range’s vent hood are concealed behind matching cabinet fronts.



To conjure an open feeling, the Porcher whirlpool tub was set diagonally into the corner, where it is bathed in natural light from two windows. The shower resides next to the tub, while the toilet is tucked into its own private windowed alcove.


White marble clads the floor, countertop, and tub surround for soothing continuity. Artistic Tile’s mosaic marble-and-glass border extends into the shower. Amstrong’s humidity-resistant beadboard adds country-inspired texture to walls.


Twin surface-mounted sinks and nickel-plated faucets Rohl Porcher reveal their sculptural silhouettes atop the marble vanity. A separate whirlpool tub and shower offer the best of both worlds–for busy mornings and relaxing evenings.


An upholstered chair and small bench furnish the bath with added comfort. The custom vanity from Crown Point Cabinetry is fitted with fabric skirts for old-fashioned charm. Woven white bamboo shades from Hunter Douglas filter in light.


General Contractor: Scott Glahn, Core Alternative. Architect: Roberto Kritzer. Builder/Manufacturer: Genesis Homes. EXTERIOR Paint throughout: Ace Hardware Corp. Siding: James Hardie Siding Products. Windows and French doors: Pella Corp. Roofing: Owens Corning. Stone Veneer: Owens Corning Cultured Stone.

LIVING ROOM Interior Paint throughout: Ace Hardware Corp. Vermont Castings fireplace: CMF Specialty Home Products. Surround: Owens Corning Cultured Stone. Cabinetry and mantel: Crown Point Cabinetry. All Upholstered Furniture: Lee Industries. Table: Oly. Cotton rugs throughout: Elizabeth Eakins Cotton Inc. White ceramics: Kleinreid. Garnet cashmere throw: Garnet Hill. Plaid and hot pink throws: T. Lockman. Antique pillows, aqua French ticking and blue/gold: Susan E. Oostdyk.

FOYER Custom door, sidelights, and interior doors throughout: Jeld-Wen Windows and Doors. Ceiling and custom beadboard: Armstrong. Star light fixture: Circa Lighting. Chest: Stuart Buchanan Antiques. Side chair: Oly. Birdcage: Vagabond Vintage Furnishings.

DINING ROOM Wood floors throughout: Bruce Hardwood Floors from Armstrong. Shutters throughout: Hunter Douglas. Handwrought chandelier: Hudson River Design. Chairs and demilune table: French Heritage. Dining table: Stuart Buchanan Antiques. Black-and-white prints: Belcour Antiques. Green antique plates and white goblets: Black Tulip Antiques. Atelier ceramic plates and candle holder: Vagabond Vintage Furnishings. Flatware: Gustavian. Napkins: Daisy Hill. Vases: Kosta Boda.

KITCHEN Cabinetry and hardware: Crown Point Cabinetry. Appliances: GE Profile. Sink and faucet Rohl. Countertops: Pyrolave. Backsplash: Gainey Ceramic Tile. Antique ironstone: Heartland & Home.

BREAKFAST AREA Floor: Crossville, Inc. Shades throughout: Hunter Douglas. Table: Archatrive. Upholstered chairs: Lee Industries. White T-chair: West Elm. Pendant lamp: Thomas O’Brien for Visual Comfort. Antique pottery: Antiques a la Carte.

MASTER BEDROOM Canopy bed: Anthropologie. Sisal rug: Merida Meridian. Armoire, nightstands, large mirror, and chests: French Heritage. Upholstered chaise: Lee Industries. White coverlet and box spring cover: Garnet Hill. Linen bedding: Area, Inc. Euro sham in white: Lee Wilder Bed Wear. Antique black-and-white toile pillow: Susan E. Oostdyk. Linen curtains and ivory throw: Swedish House. Black iron curtain rods: Antique Drapery Rod Co. Bench: Oly. Taboret stool: Bungalow 5. Flower photographs: Keith Scott Morton.

MASTER BATHROOM Fixtures and faucets: Rohl. Marble and mosaic border tile: Artistic Tile, Inc. Custom beadboard: Armstrong. Vanity: Crown Point Cabinetry. TV mirror: Seura. Savvy sconces: Restoration Hardware. Paintings by Peter Schroth: Sears Peyton Gallery. White Frames: Larson-Juhl. Stone urn and locker baskets: Big Daddy’s Antiques.

Faucet makers settle Prop 65 case

Faucet manufacturers Price Pfister, Sterling, Kohler Co and Chicago Faucets have all settled a case involving their contravention of California’s Proposition 65 lead-in water law. The company’s settlement was reached with the state as well as the Environmental Law Foundation and the National Resource Defense Council, two environmental groups that had accused the manufacturers of selling kitchen faucets that did not meet California’s lead-in water standards.

Full Text:
Des Plaines, Ill. – The list of faucet manufacturers putting California’s Proposition 65 law behind them is complete.

Chicago Faucets has reached an agreement with the state of California and two environmental groups regarding the lead-in-water law. Kohler Co., Sterling and Price Pfister have also reached separate agreements.

“It’s nice to have this whole thing behind us,” said Charlie Whipple, Chicago Faucets vice president/sales and marketing. “It was the right thing to do, and now we can get on with our business.”

The state of California, the National Resource Defense’ Council, the Environmental Law Foundation and Chicago Faucets agreed that all of the manufacturer’s commercial fittings will meet the National Sanitation Foundation International lead standard of 11 parts per billion. Residential kitchen faucets will meet the California standard of 5 ppb, and residential lavatory faucets will meet 11 ppb.

Best Faucet Makers Faucet Manufacturers White Kitchen Faucet Unique With Amusing Modern Kitchen Faucets

“We have never disputed the need for standards concerning lead content,” said Alan Lougee, Chicago Faucets president. “But rather, our issue has always been the importance of standards that are appropriate for the ultimate end use of the faucet.”

Whipple said Lougee was referring to Chicago Faucets’ claim that the evidence brought forth was impractical. Their claim maintains that the levels at which lead leaching was measured were impractical.

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“People made rash assumptions about the way people use faucets,” Whipple added. “They based their numbers on the assumption that the same person would use a brand new faucet, every day, for the rest of his life, and begin drinking the first drop of water that comes out of each faucet, each time.

“This agreement took a while longer because Chicago Faucets didn’t agree with the settlement when the first group of companies agreed.”

Details of the agreements with Kohler Co., Sterling and Price Pfister, will not be disclosed until they are final, said Ed Weil, California deputy attorney general. Weil said the agreements are separate from each other, and put the three companies at the same status as Chicago Faucets.

“At this time, there are no actual settlements, just agreements,” Weil said. “The final drafts need to be drawn up and signed. However, in my experience with Chicago Faucets, I don’t expect there to be any problems with them.”

As part of the Chicago Faucets’ agreement, the company will give California a sum of money. In addition, Chicago Faucets’ production line must be converted to non-lead materials. “We began the changeover immediately,” Whipple said. Three furnaces were to be changed over by the end of 1995.

“Our castings will contain two-tenths of 1 percent of lead. That’s nothing,” he said. “You have more than that floating around just from existing here on this planet.”

Faucet frenzy: a multitude of finishes and pullout styles rules the kitchen. (Kitchen Products)

Anything goes in kitchen faucets these days, from contemporary single-lever models, to traditional two-handle styles, to sleek, modern pullouts. And there is a plethora of finishes at all price points to satisfy every taste. According to builders and remodelers, the beauty of the “anything and everything” trend is that it’s easy to please homeowners nationwide.

“You see darker finishes, like Venetian bronze in the West, pearl and satin nickel finishes in the Virginia and Maryland area, and some of everything in the East, but you can find these finishes anywhere,” says Mike Smith, assistant vice president of purchasing and product standards for Toll Brothers builders in Huntingdon Valley, Pa.

Dark finishes look wonderful on vintage-style faucets, which are growing in popularity, notes Kate Schwartz, an editor at, a Chicago-based Web site that provides kitchen product information to pros and homeowners.

Although traditional shiny chrome is an old standby, professionals point to a brushed metals trend. “I’m seeing lots of brushed chrome in all styles,” says remodeler Mark Brick, president of BNE General Contractors in Glendale, Wis. Lee Ottenbreit, a designer with Winans Construction in Oakland, Calif., says that brushed finishes are wonderful because they have a softer look that blends with most appliance finishes.

However, one finish you probably won’t find much of anywhere is brass. “I can’t remember the last time I put in brass. Even with [tarnish-resistant] PVD coatings, brass is just out,” says Don Sever, owner of Oakton, Va.-based Sever Construction, which specializes in plumbing installations.

No matter where you live, economic factors often dictate what finishes your clients choose, notes Jay de Sibour, president of the Alexandria, Va.-based Color Marketing Group, an association of professionals from various trades who predict what colors will be popular in all markets each year. Right now, “People are looking toward long-term value so they’re looking for subtler and universal colors” like brushed chromes and silvers, de Sibour says.


As far as style goes, pullout faucets are a common favorite across all finish preferences because homeowners recognize their functionality, says Angie Coffman, director of marketing for Delta. The manufacturer recently introduced the Saxony line of pullouts being offered as an upgrade by Toll Brothers. “People like the extra mobility, the side-to-side motion, and the spray” says Coffman.

What’s more, pullouts can be easily integrated into the work area, says Schwartz. “All the pieces of the kitchen have to interact with each other,” she says. “The whole sink area is becoming more practical, and you have to be able to [multi-task].” But some builders and remodelers are concerned about callbacks with pullouts. “The head came off a $400 to $500 faucet I had put in three years ago,” says Sever. He also says the hoses tend to get stuck under the sink, and that water may flow after the fitting is turned off as the hoses empty.

Others contractors point to “faucet droop,” a phrase used to describe the way a pullout looks slack at the base. Delta’s Saxony line guards against droop, Coffman asserts, with a tight wand connection and a reinforced steel hose. Faucet droop isn’t a result of improper installation and won’t necessarily cause performance problems, manufacturers and pros say.

Manufacturers also are making pullout installation easier. To help speed setup, Grohe offers stainless steel braided flexible supplies that won’t twist, while Delta’s newest pullout makes an easily heard click when the water supply valve is attached to the spout. With all the benefits they offer homeowners, advocates predict that pullouts will to grow in popularity. “Many people do like them,” says Smith.


If your client’s budget allows, you can complement the kitchen with a variety of specialty faucets and handy accessories. Here are some suggestions offered by Lee Ottenbreit, staff designer for Oakland, Calif.-based Winans Construction, and Katie Schwartz, an editor at Chicago-based


  •  Pot-filler faucets over the stove or the cooktop alleviate the need to lift heavy pots from the sink and help keep the kitchen cleaner.
  •  Soap and lotion dispensers keep necessities typically found in the bathroom close at hand.
  •  Side sprays aid with cleaning and maneuverability.


  • Bar and prep sinks with matching faucets offer extra room to work. –S.H.

KWC. The stainless steel Primo soap/lotion dispenser was the inspiration for the Suprimo faucet. The faucet’s sleek design complements modern kitchens, says the maker. The faucet features a pullout spray and comes in a choice of five spray head colors. 877-592-3287. Circle 275.


Watermark. Available in more than 33 finishes, including variations of nickel, brass, chrome, copper, and gold plating over brass, the pot-filler kitchen faucet has an expandable-retractable design and a single-lever handle for easy maneuverability, says the maker. Numerous other faucets, lighting fixtures, and door hardware also are available. 800-842-7277. Circle 276.


Dornbracht. Featuring an exaggerated gooseneck and pendulum spray head, the Meta.02 Profi faucet saves water with an automatic change-over switch that senses the use of the handspray and diverts water from flowing through the main tap, says the maker. Once the lever for the spray is released, water flows out of the tap again. 800-774-1181. Circle 277.

American Standard. Culinaire faucets are available in satin chrome, polished chrome, stainless steel, blackened bronze, white, and polished brass finishes. Available in four designs, options include a pullout spray spout and a gooseneck pull-down spout. Coordinating sinks, soap dispensers, colanders, and grid racks also are available. 800-442 1902. Circle 265.

Blanco America. The Madison IV wide-spread faucet is available in an antique copper finish. It also comes in polished chrome, PVD brass, stainless satin nickel, and antique pewter finishes. Bar faucets and composite and stainless steel kitchen sinks also are available. 800-451-5782. Circle 267.


Kohler. The Vinnata and Clairette pull-down faucets feature high-arc spouts and swivel joints at the end of the spray heads to easily direct water flow. The Vinnata, shown here, is suited for traditional kitchens, while the Clairette is designed for contemporary kitchens, says the maker. The faucets are available in a range of tarnish-resistant finishes. 800-456-4537. Circle 269.

Moen. The high-arc Aberdeen faucet features a pause button that allows the user to interrupt the water flow as the wand passes over the sink and a single-button spray switch that can change the water flow to a spray for rinsing. The faucet is available it seven finishes in single-and double-handle styles. 800-289-6636. Circle 266.


Grohe. The stainless steel Ladylux Plus faucet features a dual-spray pattern and a high-reach spout. It has stainless steel flexible supplies for quick installation and ceramic cartridges for one-finger flow control. A smaller version of this kitchen faucet is available for prep sinks. 630-582-7711. Circle 268

Delta. Taking its cue from the firm’s Victorian kitchen and bath collections, the Saxony pullout faucet offers classic styling for traditional kitchens, says the maker. Saxony features a reinforced 59-inch-long steel hose that resists bursting and twisting in the line and a SnugFit patented wand connection to prevent the faucet from drooping when sitting in the base, the firm says. 800-345-3358. Circle 270.


Price Pfister. The Parisa ceramic-disc valve single-control kitchen faucet features a high-arc spout, a matching side spray, and a 2-inch deck clearance. It comes in stainless steel, polished chrome, and white finishes. The line also has products for lavatory, tub, and shower applications. 800-732-8238. Circle 271.

Harrington Brass Works. Shown in a polished nickel finish, the Victorian single-hole pullout faucet blends classic styling with a modern finish so it looks appropriate in traditional or modern kitchens, says the firm. It’s available in 19 additional finishes and also can be used in bar sinks

Newport Brass. The bridge-design kitchen faucet features cross handles and a curved metal spout. Model 945, shown in the gun metal finish, is available in more than 33 finishes and colors, including antique brass, oil-rubbed bronze, satin nickel, polished silver, European white, and weathered copper. Tarnish-resistant PVD finishes also are available

Kallista. Part of the For Loft collection, this kitchen faucet is available in lever, cross, and wristblade handle options. The collection comes in chrome, nickel silver, and brushed nickel finishes. A wide-spread basin set, a deck bath set, and a wall-mounted bath set also are available in the collection.

Hansgrohe. Part of the Interaktiv line of faucets, the 1901 four-hole kitchen faucet is one of five styles that encompass traditional and contemporary European looks. The 1901 faucet comes in chrome, polished nickel, brushed nickel, and polished brass. Handles can be changed within the collection, but spouts and internal valves remain intact

Soho. The Bridgemaster is the first bridge-style faucet to incorporate a pullout spray, says the maker. The faucet, which is crafted in London, is available in a range of finishes. The firm also imports additional styles of faucets, towel bars, bath accessories, and bathroom furniture

Stop faucet drips: you can fix almost any drippy single-lever kitchen faucet in about an hour

Doing your own faucet repair may seem daunting, but once you learn the basics, modern faucets are pretty easy to fix. In fact, the hardest step is usually finding the right replacement parts. In this article, we’ll tell you how to find replacement parts and show you how to stop spout drips on the three main types of single-lever faucets: rotary ball, cartridge and ceramic disc. We’re showing kitchen faucets, but you can fix most single-lever bath faucets using the same procedures. We’ll also show you how to stop leaks around the base of the base of the spout.

The tools you’ll need vary a little depending on the faucet you’re repairing. You’ll probably need an Allen wrench to remove the handle. Buy a set of small Allen wrenches ($6 to $12), and you’ll be prepared for any faucet. Most repairs also require screwdrivers and a large slip-joint pliers.

Rotary ball faucets

Water flow and temperature in a rotary ball faucet are controlled by a hollow ball that rotates in a socket (Figure A). Delta and Peerless are two of the major brands. Your faucet may have a brass or plastic ball. Both work well, although the long-lasting stainless steel ball comes with most repair kits. We recommend that you buy a repair kit that includes the ball, springs, seats and O-rings for the spout, as well as a small repair tool, for about $15. With this kit, you’ll be prepared for almost any repair.


If water is leaking out around the base of the handle, you may be able to fix the leak by removing the handle (Photo 1) and simply tightening the adjusting ring slightly (Figure A). Turn it clockwise with the spanner tool included in the repair kit. If the faucet drips from the end of the spout, replace the seats and springs (Photo 4). To stop leaks from the base of the spout, see “Spout Leaks,” p. 95.

Reassembly is straightforward. Drop the springs in the recesses and press the rubber seats over the top with your fingertip. Then align the groove in the ball with the pin in the socket and drop the ball in. Align the lug on the plastic cam with the notch in the valve body and set it over the ball. Thread on the cap with the adjusting ring and tighten it with the slip-joint pliers. Now you can turn on the water to check for leaks. If water leaks from around the ball stem, use the spanner tool to tighten the adjusting ring until the leak stops. Replace the handle and you’re done.

1 Lift the handle and pry off the decorative cover to expose the Allen screw. Turn the screw counterclockwise until it’s loose enough to lift the handle up from the stem.


2 Unscrew the cap by turning it counterclockwise with a slip-joint pliers.


3 Lift off the plastic cam and packing. Lift out the ball and inspect it. Replace the ball if it’s scratched, cracked or visibly worn.

4 Lift out the two rubber seats and springs with a screwdriver. Make note of the orientation of the tapered spring and install the new springs and seats the same way. Reassemble the faucet.




Follow these basics for all faucet repairs


Before you start, examine the faucet closely to determine where the water is coming from. Leaks around the base of the spout require a different repair than a drip from the end of the spout. Then turn off the water supply to the faucet. You’ll probably find shutoff valves under the sink. If those valves don’t work or if you don’t have any, you’ll have to close the main water valve to your entire home. After you turn off the water, open the faucet in the center position to relieve water pressure and make sure the water is shut off. Finally, cover the sink drain holes with strainer baskets or rags to avoid losing small parts down the drain.

Pay close attention to the order and orientation of parts as you remove them. A digital camera or video camera is handy for recording each step in case you forget. For easier reassembly, set the parts aside in the order they were removed. When all the parts are out, inspect the interior of the valve for bits of deteriorated gaskets or mineral deposits. Use a cloth or fine nylon abrasive pad to clean the surface. Loosen mineral deposits by soaking them in vinegar. Slow water flow can be caused by plugged holes in the faucet body. Use a small screwdriver or penknife to clean them out. Before you replace worn parts and reassemble the faucet, hold a rag over the faucet and open the water shutoff valve slightly to flush out debris that may have been loosened during the cleaning and inspection.

After the faucet is reassembled, open the faucet to the middle position and gradually open the shutoff valves to turn on the water. Leave the faucet open until water flows freely and all the air is out of the pipes. If the water flow through the faucet is slow, the aerator (Figure A) may be plugged. Unscrew the aerator and clean it out.

Cartridge-style faucets

Many faucet brands use a cartridge of some type (Figure B). We show how to replace a Moen cartridge, but the process is similar for other brands. To stop drips at the spout or correct problems with hot and cold mixing, remove the cartridge and either replace the O-rings on the cartridge if they’re worn or replace the entire cartridge. Take the cartridge to the home center or hardware store to find a replacement ($10 to $15).


Photos 1-6 show how to remove the cartridge. Replacement cartridges for Moen faucets include a plastic spanner cap that allows you to twist and loosen the cartridge to make it easier to pull out (Photo 5). Don’t be surprised if the cartridge seems stuck. It may take considerable force to pull it out. Really stubborn cartridges may require the use of a special cartridge-pulling tool. Moen’s version costs about $15 and is available at most home centers.

Reassemble the faucet in the reverse order. Pull the stem up before inserting the cartridge. You may have to twist the cartridge slightly to line it up for the brass retainer clip. Use the plastic spanner cap or the tips of a needle-nose pliers to rotate the cartridge. Slide the brass clip into the slots in the valve body to hold the cartridge in place. Look for the small notch on top of the stem and rotate the stem until the notch faces you (Photo 4). Install the remaining parts and reattach the handle. The directions that come with the stem will help orient you here. Then test the faucet. If the hot and cold water are reversed, simply remove the handle, dome assembly and handle adapter and rotate the stem 180 degrees.

1 Pry off the handle cap (gently) with a knife. Turn the Allen screw counterclockwise to remove it and lift off the handle.

2 Unscrew the dome assembly under the handle. Then unscrew the metal handle adapter and lift it off. Lift off the plastic pivot stop.

3 Remove the retainer nut by turning it counterclockwise with a large slip-joint pliers.

4 Pry out the brass retainer clip with the tip of a screwdriver. Grab the clip with a pliers and pull it the rest of the way out to avoid losing it.

5 Loosen the cartridge by slipping the plastic spanner cap (included with the new cartridge) over the cartridge and twisting it back and forth.

6 Grab the cartridge stem with a pliers and pull it straight up and out. Replace worn parts and reassemble the faucet in the reverse order.


Take the old parts to the store to find replacements

You’ll often find the brand name stamped on the faucet. And this information will help when it comes time to find repair parts. But in most cases, the safest bet is to take the worn parts to the store with you.

If you have a Delta or other rotary ball faucet (Figure A), you’re in luck because you’ll find repair kits in most hardware stores and home centers. Cartridges and repair kits for Moen “cartridge-type” (Figure B) faucets are also readily available. But if you have another brand or a disc-type faucet, you may have to order parts, since there are too many variations for most stores to keep in stock. It helps to know the faucet’s model name or number when searching for a replacement cartridge. Otherwise, take the cartridge with you to the store so you can match it to a photo in the parts catalog. Plumbing supply specialists are also a good source of repair parts. If you’re having trouble finding parts, call the manufacturer of your faucet for help.


Ceramic disc faucets

Ceramic disc valves are simply another type of cartridge. Discs inside the cartridge control the water flow. This type of valve is sturdy and reliable and rarely needs fixing. In fact, many manufacturers offer a lifetime guarantee on the cartridge. If yours is damaged, check with the manufacturer to see if it’s covered by a warranty. Leaks can result from faulty rubber seals or a cracked disc inside the cartridge. Since it’s difficult to spot a cracked disc, and disc cartridge replacements are very expensive ($20 to $50), it’s best to start by replacing the seals and reassembling the faucet. Then if the faucet still leaks, remove the disc cartridge and take it to the store to order a replacement.

Early versions of ceramic disc faucets may be more fragile and can crack if subjected to a blast of pressurized air. That’s why it’s important to leave the faucet open as you turn the water back on. This allows air trapped in the lines to escape. When the water runs smoothly, it’s safe to turn the faucet off. Manufacturers have improved the strength of ceramic discs on newer faucets to withstand air blasts, as well as abrasive debris that may get dislodged from the inside of pipes.

1 Pry off the decorative screw cover with your fingernail or the tip of a knife. Unscrew the handle screw by turning it counterclockwise with an Allen wrench. Lift off the handle. Unscrew or unclip the cap.


2 Remove the screws that hold the disc cartridge to the faucet body and lift out the cartridge.


3 Inspect the cartridge for mineral buildup and carefully clean it out. Then replace the rubber seals on the underside.


4 Lift out the plastic disc (on some faucets) and replace the O-rings under it. Inspect the holes in the faucet body and clean them out if they’re clogged.


Spout leaks


Leaks around the base of the spout are caused by worn O-rings located under the spout. All that’s usually required to access these O-rings for replacement is to wiggle and pull up on the spout to remove it (Photo 1). Depending on the faucet, you’ll also have to remove the handle and other parts to access the spout. Be persistent. The spout may be a little stubborn. Spout O-ring kits are available for many faucets, or you can take the old O-rings to the hardware store or plumbing supply store and match them up with new ones. Remember to pick up a small toothpaste-type tube of plumber’s grease while you’re there.

In Photo 1, you can see the diverter valve, which controls water to the sprayer. Their appearance varies considerably among brands, but you’ll usually find them under the spout. If your sprayer isn’t working properly, first clean it in vinegar or simply replace it ($5-$22). If this doesn’t work, the diverter valve may be clogged. If it doesn’t simply pull out, contact the manufacturer or ask a knowledgeable salesperson for help with cleaning it.

1 Remove the handle and cartridge. Twist and pull up on the spout to remove it and expose the O-ring seals.

2 Slip the tip of a screwdriver under the O-rings to slide them out of the groove. Install the new O-rings, lubricate them with plumber’s grease and reinstall the spout.

See more:

How to make pure rose water at home

Rose water has long been your beloved product in the beauty of home skin care. The products outside the market often contain high alcohol content so the sisters want to make their own roses at home.

Ingredients for rose water include:

  • 10 fresh roses
  • 1 bowl of water
  • A plate of porcelain
  • 1 bowl of porcelain
  • 1 cup of salt water
  • 1 stone tray
  • 1 pot covered

One dark plastic container for rose water (100ml)

How to make pure rose water at home 1

How to make rose water as follows

Step 1: Break the rose petals, pick the fresh and healthy petals, discard the petals are stamping, withering. Since the roses in the row are spraying, it is best to wash the petals thoroughly with salt water and put them in a drain pan.

Step 2: Place the fork in the pot, put the bowl on the plate so that the dish and ceramic bowl in the middle of the pot. Pour water into the pot so that the water level is not high in the bowl. Release the rose petals into the pot, cover up the opposite. Turn the boiler on. Put the stones on the pot.

The reason for this is that when the water is boiling, the roses and the air rise up, the cold temperature from the lid of the pot will condense and flow down to the porcelain bowl placed below. The back cover will help you get more rose water.

How to make pure rose water at home 2

Step 3: When the pot boiling water, you turn down the fire, wait until the stone on the pot of water, the water in the pot is also close to the kitchen. You open the pot, the water in the bowl of porcelain is the rose – the product you created after the process.

You pour the rose water into the prepared container, remember to seal off the fragrance will affect the quality of rose water. Wait for the cooler and place it in the freezer.

How to make pure rose water at home 3

How to use rosemary yourself do the right way as follows

In addition to helping women skin beauty, increase moisture, astringent pores, it also helps women exfoliate, remove makeup, make skin more bright and rosy. . To properly use rose water, please note the following:

  • Use cotton remover permeated with rosewater when cleansing or use to clean your face instead of using rose water directly on your face because too much water will make your skin sensitive, rash itchy. skin irritation.
  • After applying the rose water to the face, you should only pat the rose to penetrate better, not too strong flapping, affecting the sensitive skin.

How to make pure rose water at home 4

  • Use rose water after cleansing to cleanse your face, tighten pores or remove makeup before cleansing.
  • Morning wake up, sebaceous glands secreted during sleep will make your face more easily dusty, you can use rose water to cleanse the face, reduce acne attacks. Use rose water regularly twice a day: morning after waking up and before bedtime to have a brighter and rosy complexion.
  • With rose water products on the outside, there are often preservatives so many sisters to make rose water at the dressing table. But with home-made rosemary no preservative, you should put it in the refrigerator to keep the rose water moist, to keep the light from falling and to keep the incense from flying away.

3 Simple and elegant flower arrangement

There are many ways to put flowers on the table depending on the type of flower, each type of table or even the style of space architecture you set.

How to put flowers in the modern style

Modern beauty in the vase expresses through the simple appearance of the flower delicate. Therefore, with this style, sometimes only a flower with a standard “plug” is enough to make your room look much “west” then.

3 Simple and elegant flower arrangement 1

To get a modern flower vase, prepare as follows:

Fresh flowers: Choose the modern flowers such as glass, celadon or roses yellow, blue, flowers …. The flowers and flowers are quite flexible, no need to restrain in any pattern.

Flower Arrangement: For the flower pot, this tool requires a bit more sophistication, not just the traditional bottle with the unique lace in the neck. These vases can be customized and customized.

Flower arrangement:

As mentioned above, this type of flower arrangement is aimed at simplicity and sophistication. Therefore, you just need to cross the flowers / plug the flowers so they slightly knit together and add a little bit extra flowers are outside.

3 Simple and elegant flower arrangement 2

How to decorate table flowers in classic style

Flower arrangement in classical style requires sophistication, more meticulous than other styles. From the flowers, flowers to the decoration, the arrangement of the flowers are carefully adjusted.

To put flowers in this style, you do the following

Preparation of fresh flowers: Contrary to modern style, when choosing fresh flowers in this style, you should choose the classic flowers such as red roses, carnations, rhubarb … If it is red roses should choose big red roses, do not choose small flowers, pink buds because it will easily mixed into other styles

3 Simple and elegant flower arrangement 4

Vase for flower arrangement: Vase for flower arrangement should only choose the type of vial to be low, but not select the type of vial too high or piece. Choose plain or simple bottle types.

How to put flowers

Cut short the stem so that it is just or higher than the mouth, not too high. Cover the edges / edges of the bottle and use only a few small flowers added points, not the use of decorative foliage.

3 Simple and elegant flower arrangement 5

How to put flowers on the table in the style of freedom

The easiest and most creative way to decorate your desktop is by now you are no longer limited to any type of pattern. Therefore, you can freely choose flowers / flower pots depending on your preferences and conditions.